Common Types of Heart Conditions in Pets

One of your pet’s most essential organs, the heart, pumps continuously to deliver oxygen-rich blood to every cell in their body, from the tip of their nose to the tail. It serves as the heart of their cardiovascular system. Your pet’s entire body may be compromised by disease, which can have various adverse effects if it affects their normal heart function.

A pet’s heart condition may be inherited, congenital, or acquired. This indicates that the illness may be inherited, passed down from their parents, present at birth as a sickness or defect, or have evolved throughout your pet’s life.

Heart Conditions in Pets

The heart is an essential organ in your pet’s body. Unfortunately, pet’s occasionally could have problems with this vital organ. The most typical heart conditions that affect pets and how they impact them are discussed below. You can view additional details at this vet clinic.

Valvular Degeneration

The heart of your cat or dog, which resembles the human heart anatomically, is made up of four chambers with valves that open and close to control blood flow. Age-related heart valve deterioration in pets can cause their blood to stop flowing correctly because their heart valves no longer completely close.

The most prevalent kind of valvular degeneration in dogs is degenerative mitral valve disease (DMVD). With each pulse, small blood might flow backward through the mitral valve as it swells and loses strength as the dog ages. The medical term for this blood flow backward is mitral valve regurgitation.

Dilated Cardiomyopathy (DCM)

The heart muscle deteriorates due to the family of diseases known as DCM in dogs. Because less blood is pumped out of the heart with each heartbeat, the walls and chambers begin to stretch and enlarge, endangering dogs.

DCM that develops naturally is regrettably progressive and irreversible. A quick diagnosis and the skill of the cardiology team can extend symptom-free life and raise the quality of life for your cherished pet.

Heart Arrhythmias

An electrical impulse that passes through the heart muscle starts and regulates each heartbeat in your pet. Each impulse starts at the apex of the heart and moves via a specific conduction route before triggering a synchronized contraction of the heart. An abnormal heart rhythm, or arrhythmia, may form if these electrical impulses do not start correctly, follow the right path, or pass through the entire conduction system.

During a physical examination, your family veterinarian can spot an arrhythmia. You might observe typical symptoms of weakness, sluggishness, intolerance to exercise or collapse at home. Your veterinarian can then offer dog or cat heart arrhythmia treatment.

Congenital Heart Disease

Congenital heart conditions are present from birth and are caused by faulty heart development. When your pet’s exam reveals a heart murmur, your family veterinarian will typically diagnose these diseases. Congenital heart diseases can be identified through a quick ultrasound of the heart.

Minimally invasive surgery may be able to improve or repair the anomaly, depending on the congenital heart condition that is present. After these surgeries, pets often bounce back fast and enjoy long, prosperous, and healthy lives. Rocky Mountain Veterinary Cardiology uses centesis to help manage discomfort in patients with congestive heart failure.